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A Country Guide to the Solomon Islands

A Country Guide to the Solomon Islands

The Solomon Islands, a sovereign state in the South Pacific of more than 900 islands, offers an unspoiled paradise for adventurers and culture enthusiasts alike. This archipelago is renowned for its rich biodiversity, both above and below the water, its significant World War II history, and the vibrant cultures of its Melanesian inhabitants. From the dense rainforests teeming with exotic birdlife to the pristine coral reefs that lie beneath the crystal-clear waters, the Solomon Islands present a world far removed from the tourist trail. This guide explores 15 key destinations and activities across the islands, providing a comprehensive insider’s view into the heart of this captivating country. 

The People of the Solomon Islands

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The Solomon Islands’ population is a diverse amalgamation of Melanesian, Polynesian, and Micronesian heritage, reflecting a complex cultural landscape across its many islands. This diversity is manifested in over 70 languages and numerous ethnic groups, each with distinct traditions and social structures. The Melanesian majority, in particular, showcases a communal lifestyle deeply rooted in extended family and clan systems. Traditional fishing, weaving, and wood carving skills remain pivotal to their daily lives, coexisting with modern influences. Despite contemporary challenges, the Solomon Islanders’ profound connection to their land and ancestors persists, with culture and community at the forefront of their identity.


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The Solomon Islands’ history is marked by millennia of human habitation, characterized by rich cultural developments long before European exploration. The islands became a connection for traders, missionaries, and colonial interests in the 19th century, following initial European contact in the 16th century. World War II brought significant attention to the islands, especially the strategic Battle of Guadalcanal. Following the war, a movement towards self-governance culminated in independence from Britain in 1978. The Solomon Islands are presently navigating modern challenges while preserving their cultural and natural heritage.

1. Diving in the Florida Islands

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The Florida Islands offer a diving experience rich in biodiversity and steeped in history. Here, the underwater world is a vivid garden of coral reefs, teeming with life, alongside the ghostly remains of World War II wrecks. These waters are a haven for divers seeking natural beauty and a connection to the past. The clear, warm seas host an array of marine life, from the macro nudibranchs to the majestic manta rays and sharks. The wrecks, serving as artificial reefs, have become ecosystems in their own right, providing a unique opportunity to explore history in an immersive environment. Diving in the Florida Islands is a profound experience that bridges the gap between the past and the present, offering insights into the resilience of nature and the echoes of history beneath the waves.

Insider’s Tip: For an unforgettable experience, plan a dive at the famous Twin Tunnels site, where you can descend through two vertical chimneys teeming with marine life.

When to Travel: The best diving conditions are from April to November, when visibility peaks and the seas calm.

How to Get There: The Florida Islands are accessible by boat from Honiara, the capital city located on Guadalcanal Island. International flights from select Pacific nations serve Honiara.

2. Bird Watching on Rennell Island

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Rennell Island, designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a sanctuary for bird enthusiasts. This remote island’s ecosystem supports a variety of endemic species, making it a critical area for bird conservation and observation. The dense forests of Rennell is a backdrop for a bird-watching adventure, where the air is filled with the calls and songs of exotic birds, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth. The Rennell parrot and the Rennell starling are just two unique species that draw birders to this island. The island’s isolation enhances the experience of bird watching here, offering a sense of discovery and connection to the natural world that is increasingly rare. For those dedicated to the pursuit of birding, Rennell Island offers sightings of rare species and a journey into the heart of biodiversity.

Insider’s Tip: Bring a high-quality pair of binoculars and hire a local guide who can lead you to the best bird-watching spots and help identify the various species.

When to Travel: The dry season from May to October is the most conducive for bird watching, as the reduced rainfall allows for easier access to the island’s interior.

How to Get There: Rennell Island is accessible by domestic flights from Honiara to Rennell/Tingoa Airport, followed by a journey to the island’s prime bird-watching locations.

3. Visiting the WWII Sites on Guadalcanal

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Guadalcanal is pivotal in World War II history, its landscapes marked by the remnants of a conflict that shaped the modern world. The island’s WWII sites, including memorials, sunken ships, and abandoned aircraft, tell the story of courage, sacrifice, and the harsh realities of war. Visitors to these sites can walk the battlefields where history was made, offering a moment to reflect on the past and its impact on the present. The Guadalcanal American Memorial and the Japanese Peace Park stand as testaments to peace and reconciliation, while the Vilu War Museum outdoors displays a collection of war relics, providing tangible connections to the soldiers’ experiences. Exploring these sites offers a profound perspective on the complexities of war and the enduring spirit of humanity.

Insider’s Tip: To deepen your understanding of each site’s historical context and significance, consider hiring a knowledgeable local guide who can share firsthand stories and historical insights.

When to Travel: The cooler, drier months from April to November provide the most comfortable conditions for exploring the outdoor historical sites.

How to Get There: Guadalcanal is easily accessible, with Honiara International Airport serving as the main entry point to the Solomon Islands. Many WWII sites are within a short drive from Honiara.

4. Kayaking in the Marovo Lagoon

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The Marovo Lagoon presents an idyllic setting for kayaking, with its vast expanse of clear, turquoise water surrounded by lush tropical islands. This UNESCO World Heritage site is the largest saltwater lagoon in the world, offering paddlers endless opportunities to explore its hidden coves, mangrove forests, and vibrant coral reefs. Kayaking in the Marovo Lagoon is as much about the journey as the destination, allowing for intimate encounters with the marine environment and the traditional villages that dot the shoreline. The tranquility of paddling through these waters, with only the sound of the kayak’s movement and the occasional call of a seabird, provides a serene escape into nature’s beauty, offering a unique perspective on the Solomon Islands’ pristine environment.

Insider’s Tip: Pack a snorkel in your kayak so you can easily stop and explore the underwater sights that catch your eye as you paddle through the lagoon.

When to Travel: The best time for kayaking in the Marovo Lagoon is during the dry season from May to October, when the weather is settled, and the winds are mild.

How to Get There: The Marovo Lagoon is located in the Western Province and can be reached by domestic flight from Honiara to Seghe, followed by a boat transfer to your chosen accommodation or starting point for kayaking.

5. Hiking the Kolombangara Crater

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Kolombangara Island, with its extinct volcano and challenging terrain, offers one of the most rewarding hiking experiences in the Solomon Islands. The trek to the crater rim takes you through diverse ecosystems, from lowland rainforests to cloud forests at higher elevations, each with its own unique flora and fauna. The physical challenge of the hike is matched by the breathtaking views and the sense of accomplishment upon reaching the crater’s edge. Along the way, hikers can encounter rare bird species, exotic plants, and the occasional glimpse of the island’s elusive wildlife. The hike to Kolombangara Crater is n an exploration of the island’s natural wonders and highlights the beauty and diversity of the Solomon Islands’ landscapes.

Insider’s Tip: Due to the trek’s difficulty and the island’s remote nature, arranging for a local guide who can navigate the trails and share insights into the area’s ecology is advisable.

When to Travel: The ideal time for hiking Kolombangara is during the dry season from May to October, when the trails are less slippery and the weather is more predictable.

How to Get There: Kolombangara Island is accessible by boat from Gizo, the provincial capital of the Western Province. Gizo can be reached by domestic flight from Honiara.

6. Exploring the Cultural Village of Vilu

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The cultural village of Vilu is a living museum offering an immersive insight into the traditional lifestyles of the Solomon Islands. This unique destination allows visitors to experience the rich history of Melanesian culture through hands-on activities, performances, and storytelling. The art of canoe building, basket weaving, and traditional cooking are demonstrated with pride, showcasing skills passed down through generations. Customary dances and music performances provide a vibrant soundtrack to the experience, highlighting the communal spirit and cultural identity of the Solomon Islands’ people. A visit to Vilu allows you to participate in and learn about the customs that have shaped the islands, fostering a deeper appreciation for the complexities and beauty of Melanesian culture.

Insider’s Tip: Participate in a kastom ceremony if you can—it’s a profound way to connect with local traditions and show respect for the community’s culture.

When to Travel: The dry season from May to October is ideal, offering pleasant weather for outdoor cultural demonstrations and village tours.

How to Get There: Vilu is accessible by road from Honiara, with local tour operators offering guided trips that include transportation to and from the village.

7. Surfing in Malaita

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Malaita Island is a hidden gem for surfers, offering untouched beaches and consistent waves far from the busier surf spots found elsewhere. The island’s diverse coastline presents a variety of surf breaks, catering to all levels of experience, from novice to expert. Surfers can find themselves riding the waves in solitude, surrounded by the natural beauty of the island’s rugged landscape. The surf culture in Malaita is nascent, providing a raw and authentic experience for those willing to explore its shores. Beyond the thrill of the surf, the island offers a chance to connect with local communities and experience the laid-back lifestyle that defines the Solomon Islands. 

Insider’s Tip: Bring your own surf gear if possible, as rental options on the island are limited.

When to Travel: The prime surfing season in Malaita runs from November to April, when the swells are most consistent.

How to Get There: Malaita is accessible by domestic flight from Honiara to Auki, the island’s capital. From Auki, local transport can take you to the various surf spots.

8. Trekking the Mataniko Falls

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The hike to Mataniko Falls is a trek through the verdant rainforests of Guadalcanal, leading adventurers to one of the Solomon Islands’ most stunning natural attractions. The path to the falls is a testament to the island’s untamed beauty, with river crossings and rugged terrain challenging those who undertake the trek. The reward is the spectacular sight of water cascading into a hidden cave, a scene that captures the essence of the islands’ natural wonders. The trek is an immersion into the ecosystem of Guadalcanal, with opportunities to observe the island’s diverse flora and fauna. Visiting Mataniko Falls is an experience that combines adventure with the tranquility of nature, offering a moment of reflection amid the beauty of the Solomon Islands.

Insider’s Tip: Wear sturdy, water-resistant hiking shoes and bring a waterproof camera to capture the stunning scenery without worrying about damage from the mist or water.

When to Travel: The best time to trek to Mataniko Falls is during the dry season, from May to October, when the trails are less muddy, and the river levels are lower, making crossings safer.

How to Get There: The trailhead to Mataniko Falls is located near Honiara. Local guides can lead the way and provide insights into the area’s flora and fauna.

9. Snorkeling in the Russell Islands

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The Russell Islands present an underwater paradise for snorkelers, with crystal-clear waters revealing a world of vibrant coral reefs and abundant marine life. The sheltered lagoons and drop-offs serve as a sanctuary for a wide array of fish, sea turtles, and other marine creatures, making every snorkeling trip a discovery. The islands’ remote location ensures that the reefs remain pristine, offering a snorkeling experience that is both serene and spectacular. The ease of access to the water means that visitors can effortlessly immerse themselves in the underwater beauty that lies just off the shore. Snorkeling in the Russell Islands provides you an opportunity to discover the heart of the Pacific’s marine biodiversity, offering a glimpse into the underwater ecosystems that thrive in the Solomon Islands.

Insider’s Tip: Visit the Manta Ray cleaning station near Mborokua (Mary Island) to snorkel with these gentle giants.

When to Travel: The ideal time for snorkeling in the Russell Islands is during the dry season, from May to October, when visibility is at its best.

How to Get There: The Russell Islands are accessible by boat from Honiara or from Munda in the Western Province, with local operators offering snorkeling tours to the best spots.

10. Visiting the Skull Island

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Skull Island is a solemn reminder of the Solomon Islands’ complex history, offering visitors a unique insight into the cultural practices of headhunting and ancestor worship. With its collection of skulls from chiefs and warriors, this sacred site provides a tangible connection to the past and the traditions that have shaped the islands’ cultural landscape. The visit to Skull Island allows you to understand the deep respect for ancestors and the significance of these practices in the islands’ social and spiritual life. The experience of Skull Island is profound, prompting reflection on how history and tradition continue to influence the present. It’s a journey that invites visitors to approach with respect and an open mind, fostering a deeper appreciation for the cultural heritage of the Solomon Islands.

Insider’s Tip: Show respect when visiting Skull Island by speaking softly, moving slowly, and following the guidance of your local guide or the village elders.

When to Travel: The weather is most favorable for visiting Skull Island during the dry season, from May to October.

How to Get There: Skull Island is accessible by boat from Munda or Gizo, with local tour operators offering trips that include cultural explanations and historical context.

11. Canoeing in the Lau Lagoon

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The Lau Lagoon on Malaita Island offers a distinctive blend of cultural heritage and natural beauty, making it an exceptional destination for canoeing. This vast expanse of blue water, dotted with artificial islands and stilted homes, reflects a way of life uniquely adapted to its aquatic surroundings. Canoeing through the lagoon, you can engage directly with the Lau people, witnessing their daily routines and traditional practices such as fishing and canoe building. The serene waters of the lagoon, teeming with marine life, provide a tranquil backdrop for exploration. This experience is not just about the physical act of paddling but about connecting with a community that maintains a deep bond with the sea. Canoeing in the Lau Lagoon allows you to witness the harmony between people and nature, offering insights into the sustainable lifestyles that have flourished in the Solomon Islands.

Insider’s Tip: Engage with the local communities by purchasing handicrafts or asking for a demonstration of traditional fishing or canoe-building techniques.

When to Travel: The best time to visit the Lau Lagoon is during the dry season, from May to October, when the seas are calm, and the weather is conducive to spending time on the water.

How to Get There: The Lau Lagoon is accessible by boat from Auki, the capital of Malaita. Auki is reachable by domestic flight from Honiara.

12. Exploring the Tenaru Falls

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The trek to Tenaru Falls is an adventure that leads through the lush, unspoiled rainforests of Guadalcanal, culminating in the spectacular sight of one of the Solomon Islands’ highest waterfalls. The journey offers trekkers the chance to immerse themselves in the island’s natural beauty. The path winds through dense jungle, home to a diverse array of plant and animal life, showcasing the ecological richness of the region. The falls plunge into a clear, refreshing pool displaying nature’s power and beauty. Exploring Tenaru Falls is an experience that combines physical challenges with the reward of discovering a hidden gem of the Solomon Islands, providing a deep sense of connection to the natural world.

Insider’s Tip: Wear swimwear under your hiking clothes and bring a waterproof bag for your valuables so you can swim in the pool at the base of the falls.

When to Travel: The best time to visit Tenaru Falls is during the dry season, from May to October, when the trail is more accessible, and the risk of flash flooding is minimal.

How to Get There: Tenaru Falls is accessible by road from Honiara, with the trailhead located a short drive from the city. Local guides are recommended to lead the way through the jungle to the falls.

13. Fishing in the Indispensable Reefs

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The Indispensable Reefs, lying in the clear, deep waters southeast of the Solomon Islands, are renowned for offering some of the most exhilarating sport fishing experiences in the Pacific. Anglers find themselves in a rich marine environment where game fish such as tuna, marlin, and wahoo thrive, making every fishing expedition a potential adventure. The isolation and unspoiled nature of the reefs ensure that fishing here remains a sustainable pursuit, with practices like catch-and-release contributing to conservation efforts. The experience showcases the Solomon Islands’ commitment to preserving its natural resources, providing anglers with unforgettable encounters in one of the world’s last great fishing frontiers.

Insider’s Tip: Consider a catch-and-release approach to help preserve the area’s marine biodiversity and ensure future anglers can enjoy the same thrilling experience.

When to Travel: The best time for fishing in the Indispensable Reefs is from April to June and from September to November when the weather conditions are ideal and the fish are most active.

How to Get There: Access to the Indispensable Reefs is typically by chartered boat from Honiara or other major islands. It’s advisable to arrange trips with experienced operators familiar with the local waters.

14. Discovering the Choiseul Province

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Choiseul Province, with its rugged landscapes and rich cultural traditions, allows you to explore the less-traveled paths of the Solomon Islands. This remote province comprises dense forests, traditional villages, and untouched beaches, presenting opportunities for genuine adventure and cultural immersion. Trekking through Choiseul’s terrain, visitors can explore the island’s natural beauty, from its pristine rivers and waterfalls to its diverse ecosystems. The province’s villages provide an insight into the traditional ways of life of the Solomon Islanders, where customs and community remain integral to their identity. Discovering Choiseul Province offers a deeper understanding of the island’s heritage and the resilience of its people.

Insider’s Tip: Take the time to engage with local communities and learn about their customs and traditions, which may include unique crafts, dances, and ceremonies.

When to Travel: The dry season from May to October is the best time to visit Choiseul Province, as the weather is more favorable for trekking and village visits.

How to Get There: Choiseul Province can be reached by domestic flight from Honiara to Taro Island, the provincial capital. From Taro, local boats can take visitors to various parts of the province.

15. Relaxing in the Gizo Islands

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The Gizo Islands epitomize the tranquil beauty of the Solomon Islands, with their crystal-clear waters, sandy beaches, and vibrant coral reefs. This group of islands in the Western Province is the perfect retreat for those seeking relaxation and a respite from the hustle and bustle of daily life. The calm seas around the Gizo Islands are ideal for snorkeling, diving, and paddleboarding, allowing visitors to explore the underwater marvels at leisure. The islands also serve as a base for excursions to nearby attractions, including the historical Kennedy Island. Relaxing in the Gizo Islands is about embracing the laid-back island lifestyle, where you can only measure your days by the sea’s rhythm and the sun’s warmth. It’s a place where you can unwind and recharge, surrounded by the natural beauty and hospitality that define the Solomon Islands.

Insider’s Tip: Visit the local market in Gizo town to sample fresh seafood and tropical fruits and purchase handicrafts made by local artisans.

When to Travel: The dry season from May to October is ideal for visiting the Gizo Islands, with sunny days and calm seas perfect for water activities.

How to Get There: The Gizo Islands are accessible by domestic flight from Honiara to Nusatupe Airport, just a short boat ride from Gizo, the provincial capital.

The Bottom Line

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Exploring the Solomon Islands invites you to enter a world of unparalleled natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and historical significance. Each destination and activity within this guide offers a unique perspective on what makes these islands so special, from the depths of its waters to the peaks of its volcanoes. Whether you are diving into the history-laden waters, trekking through lush rainforests, or kayaking across serene lagoons, the Solomon Islands promise an adventure that is as enriching as it is exhilarating. As you plan your journey, remember that the essence of the Solomon Islands lies in the spirit and hospitality of its people. Embrace the opportunity to connect, learn, and immerse yourself in the diverse life that thrives in this corner of the Pacific.

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The post A Country Guide to the Solomon Islands first appeared on The Green Voyage.

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For transparency, this content was partly developed with AI assistance and carefully curated by an experienced editor to be informative and ensure accuracy.

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